An Examination of the Determinants of Public Health Disparities and How to Mitigate Them
MetadataShow full item record
There are various factors that impact the state of public health, among them are: socioeconomic status, occupation and work status, psychosocial support, education and health behaviors. Studies have shown that each of these components affects the overall morbidity and mortality rates of members of different communities throughout the world. Two landmark studies lay the foundation for future studies exploring the affects of inequalities on the status of public health (Marmot, Rose, Shipley, & Hamilton, 1978; Marmot, et al., 1991). Before discussing the findings of public health researchers investigating causal factors of public health disparities, it is important to understand how “public health disparities” have actually been defined. According to the article written by public health research professionals Kilbourne et al. (2006), which provides a design framework for public health research, health disparities are “observed, clinically and statistically significant differences in health outcomes or health care use between socially distinct vulnerable and less vulnerable populations that are not explained by the effects of selection bias” (Kilbourne, Switzer, Hyman, Crowley-Matoka, & Fine, 2006). This definition includes differences in health statuses, for example life expectancy, medical outcomes of illnesses and health care use. Differences in the quality and receipt of health care are also critical points of analysis under this definition. Observed or reported differences in health care, health outcomes or health statuses represent inequalities, or measurable gaps, between different groups or communities.
The file is restricted for YU community access only.
- Honors Student Theses 
The following license files are associated with this item:
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Affordable Care Act Enrollment: Analysis of Variation in Nationwide Implementation and Implications for Health Equity Zimilover, Madeline Tavin (Stern College for Women, 2015-04)Signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, known as the Affordable Care Act (ACA) promised to radically alter the healthcare landscape of America. Through ...
Drugged Wildlife: The Potential Impacts of Environmental Endocrine Disruptors on Reproductive Development Kramer-Rex, Melissa (Stern College for Women, 2015-12)The growing use of oral contraceptives and hormone therapeutics gives rise to the concern that estrogenic and progestogenic compounds are present in wastewater at concentrations that may affect aquatic species. This study ...
Harm Reduction Applied: Syringe Exchange Programs (SEP) Examining the history, ideology, controversy, efficacy and application of SEPs Dreyfus, Nechama (Stern College for Women, 2015-04)Drug use is not a simple topic. Within this one topic there are layers of historical perceptions and misperceptions, political opinions, social stigmas, public health aspects and potential clinical relevance all combined ...