This paper explores the modifying effect of psychosocial resources, namely social support, on depression. A lack of social support serves as a risk factor for individuals of all ages to develop depression or depressive symptoms, but its presence reduces depressive symptomatology while serving as a protective factor against depression. Social support also affects depressive symptomology for those with illness or in crisis. However, the salutary and negative effects of social support on depressive symptomatology based on age and gender. Moreover, various personal characteristics, as well as forms of interaction, can affect whether or not the social support is helpful. Following an analysis of the literature is a proposal for future research
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