ISRAELIS IN AMERICA: MIGRATION DECISION MAKING AND ITS CONSEQUENCES UPON ADAPTATION TO THE AMERICAN JEWISH COMMUNITY (SOJOURNERS, SETTLERS, AMBIVALENCE)
FISH, NEAL S.
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This study attempted to understand the migration experience of Israelis now living in the United States. It sought to systematically explore the anomaly that many Israelis here appear to maintain a sojourner future orientation, stating an eventual desire to return to Israel and live there permanently, but without a definite plan at present. The formal questions that guided this study were: (1) How do Israelis currently residing in the United States think and feel about the decision whether to stay here or return to Israel? (2) What factors influence the decision of Israelis to remain in the United States permanently or return to Israel to live? (3) Can Israelis be classified into types that differ along the dimension of future orientation? (4) What are the implications of future orientation upon the predisposition of Israelis to identify with the American Jewish Community?;Study was able to obtain the names of seventy-five Israelis who met criteria established for sample. After being interviewed, each respondent was categorized in terms of his/her future orientation. Final breakdown of sample according to groups were: Temporary Resident (Group A) 9, Sojourner (Group B) 15, and Settler (Group C) 9. It must be acknowledged that the sample size limits the degree to which findings can be generalized. Instrument developed consisted of forty-two questions, mostly open ended, and was structured around issues related to the determinants and consequences of future orientation. During analysis of data, which was qualitative, each subject's responses were recorded in relation to the sixteen dimensions that comprised the instrument. On this basis trends within each group as well as differences and similarities between groups could be observed and documented.;In general, the findings of this study could be interpreted to support the notion that value priorities and feelings related to the meaning of leaving Israel do affect the 'post-migration' decisions of Israelis. A typology was developed of Israelis who differed on the dimension of future orientation. There did not appear to be any relationship between future orientation and subsequent identification with the American Jewish Community.;Finally, a series of recommendations for the organized American Jewish Community concerning Israelis living here were outlined based on findings that emerged from study.