MOTHERS OF ADOLESCENTS: FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DIFFERENTIAL MATERNAL SELF-PERCEPTIONS
MARKOWITZ, JANET ANISE
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The present research study is an exploratory study that hypothesizes a relationship between maternal perception of acceptance by each of the subject's own parents. As a secondary thesis, the study hypothesizes a relationship between maternal perception of adequacy with an adolescent and perception of self-esteem as a mother of the adolescent. As a result of the exploratory nature of this research, other relationships between variables were sought that had not been formally hypothesized.;After two pilot studies, which initially consisted of in-depth interviews with parents and which secondarily consisted of a self-administered questionnaire, The Mother's Perception Survey was developed. This instrument, along with The Tennessee Self-Concept Scale was self-administered by 85 subjects, who were patients at six of the fifteen community clinics of the Jewish Board of Family and Children's Services.;The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), was employed for statistical analysis of the data that emerged. Two specific sub-packages were utilized--The Pearson Correlation Coefficient and the Partial Correlation Analysis--to identify significant relationships between variables and to ascertain whether the reason that the subject sought treatment at a clinic, had an impact on those relationships.;The research findings were as follows: A positive relationship between perceived adequacy and acceptance was only found to exist in a relatively weak form, between the subject's perception of adequacy with her first or oldest adolescent and her perceived acceptance by her mother. No significant relationships were found to exist between perceived adequacy with any of the subject's adolescents and perceived acceptance by her father. Moreover, no significant relationships were found to exist between perceived acceptance by either parent and perceived adequacy with the second or third adolescent.;A strong positive relationship was found to exist between perceived adequacy with all adolescents and the subject's perception that parenting these adolescents had either led to a gain in self-esteem as a parent or had no effect on her self-esteem as a parent. Furthermore, strong positive relationships were found to exist between maternal adequacy and perceived adequacy of the adolescent and perceived gratification in parenting the youngster. . . . (Author's abstract exceeds stipulated maximum length. Discontinued here with permission of author.) UMI.