The file is restricted for YU community access only.
The number of people over the age of 60 is growing faster than any other age group in the
world. In 2006, there were 688 million individuals older than 60 and there are expected to be
almost 2 billion individuals by 2050.
The main reasons for this substantial demographic
change are higher life expectancy and declining birthrates.2
This increase in the proportion of
older adults is important from a public health perspective. Aging is generally associated with
progressive decline in physical and physiological health, increased risk of disability and
dependency and an increase in the number of comorbidities.3
This decrease in health status is
mainly responsible for one of the most prevalent and serious public health problems: falls.4
According to a Health Quality Ontario study5
, It is estimated that approximately 30% of
community-dwelling individuals aged 65 and older and 50% of individuals aged 85 and older
will fall each year. Furthermore, 12-42% of these individuals who fall will have a fall related
injury. The study specifies that 44% of falls cause minor injuries such as bruises, abrasions
and sprains and 4-5% of falls cause major injuries such as wrist and hip fractures.