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he arts are very important to a child's development. Allowing children to engage in
creative expression is invaluable. Through the arts, children’s imaginations can wander and
discover (Eisner, 2002). Fostering this imagination, and thereby creativity, enables children
to experiment and venture out into the unknown within the safety of their minds. As a whole,
the arts encourage children—and adults—to think in different ways, solve problems with
unique solutions, and experience the world with curiosity (Eisner, 2002).
Although all types of art fit these criteria, music is somewhat unique because a person
can listen to music while engaging in other activities as well. It is a common practice for
people to listen to music while doing routine, somewhat mindless activities, such as folding
laundry, organizing, exercising, cleaning, or following a recipe. Music is believed to be
calming, entertaining, or energizing, often adding stimulation while not distracting from the
task (Giles, 1991; Kiger, 1989). But is there a benefit to exposing children to music during
their class time?