The file is restricted for YU community access only.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disorder that has become one of the most pressing medical
issues currently plaguing our modern society. Not only are the health risks severe, the disease is
chronic, with symptoms worsening with age (Coman et al., 2012). In addition, DM is currently
outpacing the incidence of most other diseases on the global scale. The World Health
Organization (WHO), in 2000, released a report that 177 million people worldwide were affected
by DM. The WHO also projected that by the year 2025, this number would almost double to 300
million people (WHO, 2002). This increase can be attributed to factors like population growth,
lack of physical activity obesity, urbanization, and aging (Wild et al., 2004).