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dc.contributor.authorBenayoun, Jacqueline S.
dc.descriptionThe file is restricted for YU community access only.
dc.description.abstractAside from illness­related worry and stress, hospitalized and nursing home patients have another point of concern: healthcare associated infections (HAIs). HAIs are a worldwide problem occurring in up to ten percent of hospital admissions in developed countries, and an estimated twenty­five percent in developing countries every year (World Health Organization). HAIs, or the infections that patients acquire during the timespan of receiving treatment for other conditions within a healthcare setting, have serious ramifications such as lengthening patient hospital stay, diminishing survival rate, and being extremely costly. Healthcare workers’ hands, clothing, and medical devices, namely stethoscopes and duodenoscopes, serve as vectors that transmit resistant pathogens from one patient to the next through indirect contact. Current scientific knowledge suggests that the disinfection of environmental surfaces in hospitals is indispensable although such practices are often neglected or poorly instituted. This leads to the occurrence of antibiotic­resistant bacterial strains, or superbugs, which develop as a result of both mutation and horizontal gene transfer. In order to diminish the occurrence of HAIs and to slow the spread of antibiotic resistant microorganisms; international, statewide, and institutional disinfection practices must be normalized and implemented immediately. Suggestions to increase better compliance include expanding the availability of alcohol­based hand rubs, requiring hospitals to launder healthcare workers’ clothing, and developing more accurate, rapid diagnostic methods for pathogen identification and treatment. It is through a combined effort that the superbug problem can be restrained before it evolves into a more severe epidemic and millions of lives can be spared from HAI related deaths.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipS. Daniel Abraham Honors Programen_US
dc.publisherStern College for Womenen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectNosocomial infections --United States --Prevention.en_US
dc.subjectCross infection --United States --Prevention.en_US
dc.subjectInfection --Prevention.en_US
dc.subjectDrug resistance in microorganisms --Prevention.en_US
dc.subjectMedical personnel --Health and hygiene --United States.en_US
dc.subjectHealth facilities --Safety measures.en_US
dc.subjectMedical instruments and apparatus --Safety measures.en_US
dc.titleAntibiotic Resistance and Infection Control: An in­depth Analysis of the Healthcare Settingen_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States