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Defined as a genetic disorder, Prader Willi Syndrome (PWS) occurs in 1 in
10,000 live births (Clarke, 1989). Almost all PWS patients present with obesity
and hypotonia, with many suffering from diabetes and behavioral issues, such as
skin picking, OCD tendencies, and angry outbursts. As of yet, there are no cures
for this disorder, since it is caused by a genetic defect. However, there have been
several attempts at symptomatic treatments for PWS, including behavioral and
physical therapy. None have been successful at completely curing the different
aspects, but there have been great strides made in treatment in PWS since its
discovery in 1956.
There are still many facets of the syndrome that are lacking proper
research and treatment, which results in PWS patients not receiving the care
that they require. Reexamining the discoveries made during its early years can
bring to light overlooked aspects of Prader Willi and help guide future
researchers in their search for a cure. By returning to the beginning and
reevaluating the research, it will be possible to determine which treatments are
most effective and which characteristics of Prader Willi are still left untouched.