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dc.contributor.authorChalik, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorRivera, Cyrielle
dc.contributor.authorRhodes, Marjorie
dc.identifier.citationChalik, L., Rivera, C., & Rhodes, M. (2014). Children’s use of categories and mental states to predict social behavior. Developmental Psychology, 50, 2360-2367.en_US
dc.descriptionScholarly articleen_US
dc.description.abstractIntegrating generic information about categories with knowledge of specific individuals is a critical component of successful inductive inferences. The present study tested whether children’s approach to this task systematically shifts as they develop causal understandings of the mechanisms that shape individual action. 3- and 4-year-old children (N = 65) predicted harmful behaviors in scenarios that pitted category-based expectations—that individuals will harm members of opposing social categories—against expectations about agents’ mental states—that individuals will harm people they are mad at. As children developed more advanced theories of mind, they became more likely to predict the agent’s behavior based on individual mental states instead of category memberships. Thus, as children develop causal understandings of the mechanisms that shape individual behavior, they are more likely to override generic category information to base inferences on the relevant features of specific individuals.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAcknowledgements. We are very grateful to the parents and children who participated in this research, as well as the staff at the Children’s Museum of Manhattan. Funding was provided by National Science Foundation grant BCS-1226942.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDevelopmental Psychology;50(10)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectClassification (Cognitive Process)en_US
dc.subjectSocial Behavioren_US
dc.subjectSocial Cognitionen_US
dc.subjectTheory of Minden_US
dc.subjectChildhood (birth-12 yrs)en_US
dc.subjectPreschool Age (2-5 yrs)en_US
dc.subjectCasual mechanismsen_US
dc.subjectSocial categorizationen_US
dc.titleChildren’s use of categories and mental states to predict social behavior.en_US
dc.title.alternative"Manuscript in Press"en_US
dc.title.alternativeCategories and mental statesen_US

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