The file is restricted for YU community access only.
Mitochondria are one of the most complex and intricate cytoplasmic organelles found in the
cell. It is a membrane bound cellular structure found in most eukaryotic organisms. Known
as the powerhouses of the cell, they are responsible for 90% of the energy needed to sustain
life and support organ function. The main function of mitochondria is to metabolize sugar
and fats and transform them into a usable form of cellular energy. This process is carried out
by oxidative phosphorylation and the energy produced as a result is stored in the form of the
molecule adenosine triphosphate, or ATP . Subsequently, the energy released from the
hydrolysis of bonds of ATP is used to power metabolic processes. In addition to providing
energy, mitochondria are also involved in activities such as signaling, cellular differentiation,
and control of cell cycle and cell growth
Alter, Eliana. Three-Parent Babies: Scientific and Halachic considerations. Presented to the S. Daniel Honors Program in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Completion of the Program. Stern College for Women. Yeshiva University. April 25, 2018.
*This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise.