Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to a machine with the ability of simulating the cognitive functions of humans. Specifically, within healthcare, AI plays a significant role both in prevention and in treatment of diseases. In terms of prevention, AI is useful in identifying multifactorial causes of disease emergence, which include biological and epidemiological factors, along with tracking disease spread by integrating real-time updates from digital media reports. Regarding treatment, AI has a foot in imaging, treatment management of infectious diseases, intensive care unit organization, and antibiotics. Although healthcare has benefited greatly from the incorporation of AI, it does come with limitations and challenges, including quantity, quality, and heterogeneity of the data and privacy and ownership of the developer. Although the benefits provided by the incorporation of AI into healthcare are considerable, the technology still has a long way to go.
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