This study looks anew at the interactions and possible in uences between the monastic
and cathedral school masters in Europe during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries,
and the leading contemporary scholars of the Talmud in northern France and
Germany known as the Tosafists. By focusing on significant commonalities in interpretational
methods and institutional structures, as well as on the formulations
of various critics, the contours of these interactions can be more precisely charted
Kanarfogel, Ephraim. “Ashkenazic Talmudic Interpretation and The Jewish–Christian Encounter,” Medieval Encounters 22:1-3 (2016): 72-94
*This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise.