Sensitivity of quantum information to environment perturbations measured with a nonlocal out-of-time-order correlation function.
Santos, Lea F.
Cory, David G.
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In a quantum system coupled with a non-Markovian environment, quantum information may flow out of or into the system. Measuring quantum information flow and its sensitivity to perturbations is important for a better understanding of open quantum systems and for the implementation of quantum technologies. Information gets shared between a quantum system and its environment by means of system-environment correlations (SECs)that grow during their interaction. We design a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiment to directly observe the evolution of the SECs and use the second moment of their distribution as a natural metric for quantifying the flow of information. In a second experiment, by accounting for the environment dynamics,we study the sensitivity of the shared quantum information to perturbations in the environment. The metricused in this case is a nonlocal out-of-time-order correlation function (OTOC). By analyzing the decay of the OTOC as a function of the SEC spread, instead of the evolution time, we are able to demonstrate its exponential behavior.
Research article, peer-reviewed. Open Access.
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