In this article, I shall attempt to show that the rise and fall of Canaanite religion at Baalbek from the Bronze Age to the Byzantine period can be traced with the help of five toponyms: (1) Mbk Nhrm (Source of the Two Rivers),4 (2) בקעת און
(Valley of Idolatry), (3) בעל בכי (Baal of Weeping), (4) עין בכי (Spring of Weeping),
and (5) Bclbk/Baclabakku (Baal-Bacchus). All of these are Semitic; the Greek name of Baalbek, Heliopolis, will not be discussed.5
Steiner, Richard C. “On the Rise and Fall of Canaanite Religion at Baalbek: A Tale of Five Toponyms,” _Journal of Biblical Literature_, vol. 128, no. 3 (Fall 2009): 507-525
*This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise.