More than a century ago, Samuel Poznanski charted in great detail
the decided turn in northern France to peshuto shel miqra (the
plain meaning of scripture) that was embraced by Rashi (d. 1105)
and several of his students and Tosafist successors during the
twelfth-century, including Joseph Qara, Rashbam and Joseph
Bekhor Shor of Orleans (d. c. 1190). However, Poznanski and
others maintain that this quest for peshat (sensus literalis)
interpretation in northern France largely came to an end during
the thirteenth-century with the appearance of the so-called
Tosafist Torah compilations. These heavily focused on midrashic
interpretation (Poznanski 1913: viii-cxxv; Grossman 1995: 462-77;
Touitou, 2003: 11-47; Japhet 2004: 413-18).
Kanarfogel, E. (2021). The Torah Comments of Yeḥiel of Paris: Mediating between Peshat and Derash. In Chanita Goodblatt and Howard Kreisel (eds.), "Reading the Bible in the pre-modern world : interpretation, performance and image" (pp. 223-255). Beer Sheva : Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Press.
*This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise.