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Title: Torah and the Messianic Age: The polemical and exegetical history of a rabbinic text
Authors: Berger, David
Engel, David
Chazan, Robert
Schiffman, Lawrence H.
Wolfson, Elliot R.
Keywords: The Messiah
Jews --Europe --History --To 1500.
Christianity and other religions --Judaism --History.
Judaism --Relations --Christianity --History.
Messianic Age
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Brill
Citation: Berger, B. (2012). Torah and the Messianic Age: The polemical and exegetical history of a rabbinic text. In D. Engel, R. Chazan, E. R. Wolfson, & L. H. Schiffman (Eds.), Studies in Medieval Jewish intellectual and social history: Festschrift in Honor of Robert Chazan (pp. 169-187). Brill. .
Series/Report no.: Bernard Revel Faculty Publications;2012
Abstract: It was taught in the school of Elijah: The world will endure six thousand years: two thousand desolation, two thousand Torah, two thousand the messianic age, but because of our many sins some of [those final two thousand years] have already passed.1 ¶ It is no accident that this is the first Talmudic passage adduced by a medieval polemicist as a direct demonstration of a specific Christian doctrine.2 The citation, which appears in a polemic written by Alan of Lille in the 1190’s, was surely not discovered by the author, who evinces no other familiarity with rabbinic texts and who composed the brief anti-Jewish chapter of his work “against the heretics” largely on the basis of a compilation that had already been used by Jacob ben Reuben in 1170. Consequently, although we cannot know if that particular compilation contained this argument, we can be quite confident that the passage from what Alan calls “Scola Helye,” or the school of Elijah, had embarked on its polemical career well before the final decade of the twelfth century.3 (from Introduction)
Description: Scholarly book chapter
ISBN: 9789004222366
Appears in Collections:Bernard Revel Graduate School of Jewish Studies (BRGS): Faculty Publications

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