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Title: Objective frequency analysis of transient visual evoked potentials in autistic children.
Authors: Zemon, Vance
Brittenham, Chloe
Gordon, James
Siper, Paige M.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder
contrast reversal
frequency bands
neural noise
visual cortex
Visual evoked potentials (VEPs)
magnitude-squared coherence (MSC)
Issue Date: 14-Nov-2021
Publisher: Wiley online
Citation: Brittenham, C., Gordon, J., Zemon, V. M., & Siper, P. M. (2021). Objective frequency analysis of transient visual evoked potentials in autistic children. Autism Research, n/a(n/a).
Series/Report no.: Autism Research;
Abstract: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) provide a means to examine neural mechanisms in autism with high temporal resolution. Conventional VEP analysis relies on subjective inspection of a few points (peaks and troughs) in the time-domain wave-form. The current study applied power spectral analysis and magnitude-squared coherence (MSC) statistics (frequency-domain measures) to VEPs recorded during1-minute runs and with a recently developed short-duration technique that allow for objective examination of the responses (Zemon & Gordon, European Journal of Neuroscience, 2018,48, 1765–1788) from nonautistic and autistic children.Results indicate that, for both groups, early time-domain measures (P60,N75,P100) are highly correlated with middle- and high-frequency (14–28 and 30–48 Hz,respectively) mechanisms, and late measures are highly correlated with a low-frequency (6–12 Hz) mechanism. One frequency-domain measure (power in the middle-frequency band) is capable of predicting the key amplitude measure (N75-P100) with high accuracy. MSC and power measures were combined to yield sepa-rate measures of signal and noise strength to evaluate alternate hypotheses in autism. Linear mixed-effects modeling demonstrated selective differences in early time-domain and middle-to-high frequency-domain measures in autistic childrenas compared to nonautistic children given both recording techniques, implicating weaker excitatory input to the cortex. Receiver-operating-characteristic curve analysis showed predictive diagnostic accuracy for middle- and high-frequency bands based on MSC. These findings support the value of frequency analysis measures (power spectral analysis and MSC) in the objective examination of neural differences in autism. __Lay Summary__ Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are used to assess neural mechanisms. Typically, VEPs are analyzed by subjective examination of time-series waveforms; but here objective techniques were applied to quantify VEP frequency components to investigate neural differences between autistic and nonautistic children. The objective measures demonstrate group differences in brain function that point to weaker excitatory input to the cortex in autism
Description: Scholarly article
ISSN: 1939-3792, 1939-3806.
Appears in Collections:Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology: Faculty Publications

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