Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a counseling method developed by Miller and Rollnick in
1991 that has been researched and applied widely to effect behavioral change in a broad
range of cases including drugs, psychology, and health. This review explores the efficacy of
MI as well as the various components of MI that may be responsible for its success relative
to other Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) methods specifically in pediatric obesity.
These components include autonomy, motivation, and self-determination that allow children
to feel more involved in the process of dietetic intervention and may help them stay
committed to their lifestyle changes, rather than approaches that focus on exclusively
parental intervention and control of their diets. Furthermore, through a review of a plethora
of studies about MI, there is evidence to suggest that the principles of MI, as isolated
concepts, can and should be integrated by parents as methods to prevent future cases of
obesity in youth and adolescents.
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