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dc.contributor.authorChalik, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorRhodes, Marjorie
dc.contributor.authorVan Bavel, Jay J.
dc.identifier.citationChalik, L., Van Bavel, J., & Rhodes, M. (2018). The cognitive processes underlying moral judgment across development. Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1461-1466.en_US
dc.descriptionScholarly research articleen_US
dc.description.abstractSome moral philosophers have suggested that a basic prohibition against intentional harm ought to be at the core of moral belief systems across human societies. Yet, experimental work suggests that not all harm is viewed equally—people often respond more negatively to harm that occurs among fellow social group members, rather than between members of different groups. The present two studies investigated how concerns about social group membership factor into the moral judgment system. Adults (N = 111, Study 1) and children (N = 110, Study 2) evaluated instances of inter- and intra-group harm under varying levels of cognitive load. Both children and adults responded more slowly to intergroup harm than to intragroup harm. Furthermore, adults under cognitive load rated intergroup harm more leniently than intragroup harm, but adults who were not under load rated the two types of behaviors similarly. These findings suggest that across development, evaluations of intergroup harm rely more heavily on conscious deliberation than evaluations of intragroup harm. Thus, people's evaluations of harmful behaviors are made in light of information about the social category membership of the people involveden_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAcknowledgments We are very grateful to the families and staff at the Children’s Museum of Manhattan, and to the members of the NYU Conceptual Development and Social Cognition Lab. Funding was provided by NSF BCS-1226942, NSF BCS-1147543, and NSF BCS-1349089.en_US
dc.publisherCognitive Science Society (CSS)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesProceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society;
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectmoral judgmenten_US
dc.subjectsocial cognitive developmenten_US
dc.subjectintergroup cognitionen_US
dc.titleThe cognitive processes underlying moral judgment across development.en_US

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